Acne develops when the sebaceous glands (oil glands) in the skin are overactive. Although sebum production is important in keeping the skin moisturized and supple, too much sebum causes the skin to form plugs filled with dead skin. These plugs block the follicle and erupt outward in the facial bumps known as acne. While acne happens more often during adolescence, it can happen at any stage of life. Treatment for acne can take several paths. Proper skincare is an excellent start, and the doctor may prescribe medications that will help. There are also some topical creams and solutions that can treat existing acne and prevent new acne from forming.
Warts are skin infections caused by viruses. Once the virus travels through the outer skin, it makes the cells beneath the surface grow very quickly, which in turn creates the wart. Warts can be prevented by being very cautious about skin care. Keep skin healthy, clean, and free of cuts and hangnails. Avoid sharing towels or other items, since warts can be spread. Some warts go away on their own, but others will require medical treatment or removal.
The reasons that rashes occur can vary widely. Allergic reactions often cause rashes. Poison ivy, poison oak, and athlete's foot cause rashes as well. The cause of the rash can be bacterial, fungal, or viral. The best way to resolve a persistent rash is to see the doctor for analysis and testing. While most rashes are not serious and can be treated with either topical creams or medications, it is important to have any rash checked out.
A skin biopsy is a simple procedure in which the doctor takes a small sample of tissue to examine it. Abnormal areas of skin, called skin lesions, will be gently accessed to get the sample with minimal discomfort for the patient. The skin biopsy can diagnose skin conditions, skin diseases like cancer, and infections.
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